Careers in Criminology and Sociolegal Studies

Our programs are designed to educate students for careers in teaching or research, as well as for jobs in which the ability to evaluate criminological or sociolegal research critically is necessary or desirable.

Recent graduates from the MA program have found employment in a wide range of occupations in the criminal justice system, government and private business. They are researchers, probation and parole officers, correctional workers, facilitators, agents of social service organizations, and consultants in private business.

Graduates of the PhD program have enjoyed great success in the academic job market. Most former PhD students are now employed in academic positions in universities and colleges. Some have become senior policy analysts and research officers in government and private business.

Who employs Criminology graduates?

  • Court Systems
  • Juvenile Court
  • RCMP & Police Services
  • Prisons, Court houses
  • Educational Institutions
  • Social Service Agencies
  • Non-Profit Organizations
  • Government
  • Private Sector

People with backgrounds in criminology and sociolegal studies are found working in variety of settings:

Government departments and agencies

  • Correctional Service Canada
  • Courts Administration Service
  • Department of Justice Canada
  • Health Canada
  • Office of the Correctional Investigator
  • The National Parole Board


  • Bailiff
  • Court Clerk
  • Judge
  • Criminal Lawyer
  • Legal Researcher
  • Paralegal
  • Victims Advocate

Law Enforcement

  • Drug Enforcement Agent
  • RCMP Constable
  • Juvenile Court Worker
  • Police Officer

Correctional Services

  • Criminal Investigator
  • Criminology Assistant
  • Corrections Officer
  • Child Welfare Care Worker
  • Child and Youth Worker
  • Case Workers
  • Group Home Workers
  • Environmental Conservation Officer
  • Probation and Parole Officer
  • Social Worker
  • Rehabilitation Counselor
  • Warden


  • Research Assistant
  • Foreign Service Officer
  • Public Policy Analyst
  • Paralegal Assistant
  • Journalist
  • Professor
  • Marketing Specialist

Information about forensic science and professional legal studies at the University of Toronto.